Production of electricity started in 1896. The first
electricity production company was Nigerian Electricity Supply Company in 1929.
By 2000, National Electric Power Authority (NEPA) started being in charge of
the electricity production in Nigeria.
At 1896, Nigeria used 60 kW. Therefore, the highest capacity
was less than 60kW. Since the start of electricity production in Nigeria, there
has been frequent outages. This has made the government to undergo different
power reforms in order to improv the power situation in the country.
Energy Sources in Nigeria
The main sources of fuel are coal, water, gas and oil. Out
of this four, Nigeria has a large coal reserve which has been used for
transportation of trains. A large amount of coal is being consumed locally.
Natural gas in Nigeria has been proven to be more in
capacity than oil. It is said to last for more than a century as a domestic
fuel and also as a source of revenue. On the other hand, Nigeria is one of the
leading countries in the production of oil which has been seen as one of the
greatest source of revenue in the country selling over 33 billion barrels per
year with an average of 35 million barrels in reserve. It has helped in the
running of cars, turbines, generators and so on. It often goes through a
setback which is the stress in oil recovery and the low production costs.
Power sector reforms
Power sector reform in Nigeria was brought up
because of the inadequacy in the supply of power and the constant outage of
power in the country. The government made a great move by reconstituting the
power sector by denationalizing the power sector. NEPA was distributed into
different parts which ended up breaking their dominance making way for
strongly-minded power producers. The power sector reform bill made by the
government was made to distribute the dominance of NEPA and to make the power
supply more efficient and reliable in the country. A 23-part Electric Sector
Reform Implementation Committee (ERIC) to create rules to advance the strategy
objectives of progression, rivalry and private segment drove towards the development
of the power area. The Electric Power Sector was culminated in a bill marked
into law on eleventh March 2005 by President Olusegun Obasanjo. The usage of the
power change charge commenced with the fuse of the underlying holding
organization, called Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) on the 31st of
May, 2005. The essential capacities