Position 1 The death penalty should be abolished because it is cruel and unusual Free Essay Example
The death penalty should be abolished because it:
- Is a form of cruel and unusual punishment.
- Violates the sanctity of life and is degrading to human dignity.
- Is excessive given the option of life in prison without parole.
- Takes away the criminal’s fundamental right to life.
- Reinforces feelings of vengeance and hatred within society.
- Provokes violence by having a biutalizing effect on society.
- Is not consistent with contemporary standards of morality.
- Diminishes us all by reducing us to the level of the murderer.
- Adds to the number of people subjected to a brutal death and the number of innocent families who must endure the killing of a loved one.
Position 2 The death penalty should be abolished because it is unjustly applied.
The death penalty should be abolished until there is widespread reform of the criminal justice system because:
- It is implemented with racial and gender biases.
- The poor are less likely to have good legal counsel and are therefore more likely than the rich to be executed for similar crimes.
- It is often applied on the basis of the perceived worth of the defendant and the victim as opposed to on the basis of the severity of the crime itself.
- It is unjustly applied to minors, those who were juveniles at the time their crimes were committed, the mentally retarded, and the insane.
- It is used disproportionately in some areas of the U.S., meaning that the equally deserving are not punished equally.
- There is always the possibility of executing the innocent.
Position 3 The death penalty should be retained because justice requires it.
The death penalty should be retained in states where it already exists and reinstated where it has been abolished because:
- Some crimes are so hideous that those who perform them deserve the death penalty.
- Justice requires punishment in dirt proportion to the severity of the criminal offense.
- In protecting its citizens from harm, the state is justified in using capital punishment as a means of social defense.
- It expresses society’s moral outrage at suffering inflicted upon the innocent.
Position 4 The death penalty should be retained and made easier to implement because it serves a useful purpose.
The death penalty should be retained and made easier to implement because:
- It deters crime.
- In order for it to be a more effective deterrent its use must be swift and certain.
- Py making it difficult to execute criminals in an attempt to protect their rights, we have ignored the rights of victims.
- Allowing for years of costly appeals delays justice and undermines confidence in the system.
- The long waiting period on death row prolongs the anguish for everyone involved and renders an otherwise just punishment cruel and unusual.
- It is better to risk injustice by executing the guilty than by failing to prevent the deaths of the innocent.