The a deep insight of Benazir’s Movement for

The political system in
Pakistan has time and again been torn between democracy and dictatorship. Within
a time of only 70years of independence, the country experienced four military rules
during the years; 1958, 1969, 1977 and
1999 and weak democratic governments. Objections were raised always against the martial law-dictatorships .The
people of Pakistan have had to struggle for democracy with many political parties that formed alliances in their collective
struggle against authoritarian rulers for the successful restoration of
democracy. One such alliance was the Movement for the Restoration of Democracy
(MRD). 

  This research aims to hold an analysis of PPP
and Benazir Bhutto’s political struggles to restore democracy in Pakistan at
the time when the country was being ruled under the repressive authoritarian
rule of General Zia, a staunch military dictator. Our work provides a deep
insight of Benazir’s Movement for the Restoration of Democracy MRD that was
initiated by her and led with an alliance of nine political parties in 1981
against General Zia. The first half of the paper discusses a brief
constitutional and political history of the country and Zia’s regime
specifically in correlation to our particular topic of discussion. The paper
also provides an insight of Benazir Bhutto’s political background and discusses
her struggle for democracy. Secondly, the paper discusses the Movement for the
Restoration of Democracy, also highlighting its motives, weaknesses and the
events that led to the dissolution of the MRD movement. Lastly, we have
concluded our thoughts on MRD and democracy as a state of political structure
in Pakistan.

Background
  In order to understand the political struggle
of Pakistan in achieving democracy as its political system, it is important to
delve into the historical events that led to the evolution of MRD.  Pakistan after seeking independence on 14th
August 1947 chose to follow the British Parliamentary system of government as
its future political structure but later 809 strived to formulate a
constitution for almost nine years. Until then, the Indian Act of 1935 was
implemented as the inter constitution of the country. Just when Pakistan
welcomed its first constitution of 1956, military rule was imposed under
General Ayub Khan as the Chief Martial law administrator, who abrogated the
constitution within two years of its formulation. Ayub lifted Martial Law in
1962 and a new constitution was enforced in the country with a presidential
form of government. In the presidential elections of January 1965, Ayub made a
mass victory against Fatimah Jinnah with the support of Basic Democrats and
Ayub got the legal motive to dictate the nation.

  In 1966, Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rehman, leader of
the Awami League from Eastern wing of Pakistan gave his six point agenda followed
by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s launch of his socialist party, PPP in 1967 and revolt
against military rule. In 1969, Ayub handed over his powers to Yahya Khan as
the second Chief Martial Law Administrator of the country. Yahya stayed in
power until the General elections of 1971 that resulted in PPPs win of majority
seats against Awami leagues and ultimately separated Pakistan from its East
wing and Bangladesh emerged as an independent country. Bhutto later introduced
the idea of civil democracy with a parliamentary form of government under the
new constitution of 1973.

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