The then the casualty and death rate would

The tension was present in the air between Europe’s Great Powers and World War I was a big problem in the early 1900’s. What tipped the scale was when a man next in line for Austria-Hungary’s throne was assassinated. The Treaty of Versailles was an important treaty that put an end to World War I. Blame was being spread when it came to the assassination of the next in line. Countries all around the world blamed Serbia for the death and hoped it would maybe end Serbian Nationalism once and for all. The war was bound to come and with all the events that kept building on, it only made the start of a war more visible. The Treaty of Versailles was a compromise the Allied and Central Forces made to end World War I.The Treaty of Versailles was what ended World War I in 1919. “World War I officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on June 28, 1919” (History.com, World War I paragraph 1). If it had gone on any farther then the casualty and death rate would have skyrocketed past what it was when it ended. “The total number of military and civilian casualties in World  War  I was around 40  million. There were 20 million deaths and  21 million wounded.  The total number of deaths includes 9.7 million military personnel and about 10 million civilians” (Reperes paragraph 1). The treaty itself was signed between the Allied and Central Forces and made a truce between the two so that the fighting would come to an end. It was starting to become a more conflicted issue than it was originally sought out to be and knew it had to come to an end at some point. The Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919, in Paris, France. It solved the major conflict at the time which was World War I. The main reasons behind why World War I was such a big issue at the time was the amount of destruction and lives lost. “Treaty of Versailles, peace document signed at the end of World War I by the Allied and associated powers and by Germany in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles, France, on June 28, 1919; it took force on January 10, 1920” (Encyclopædia Britannica, Treaty of Versailles paragraph 1).What really impacted World War I was the assassination of the next in line for the Austria-Hungarian throne. Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the Royal Prince of Hungary and Bohemia and had three kids with his spouse Sophie, who was the Duchess of Hohenburg. “The spark that ignited World War I was struck in Sarajevo, Bosnia, where Archduke Franz Ferdinand—heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire—was shot to death along with his wife Sophie by the Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip on June 28, 1914” (History.com, World War I paragraph 3). It was already likely that they were going to go to war due to past disagreements and tensions between countries. The Allied and Central Forces were at each other’s throats and their peace was slowly disintegrating. The countries were arguing over large and small matters which let to a problem to occur.  No culture, race, or religion was the tipping scale for the start of World War I. The belief that the Serbian Government killed the Archduke was enough to get the soon-to-be war sent in stone. “Austria-Hungary, like many in countries around the world, blamed the Serbian government for the attack…” (History.com, World War I paragraph 4).The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife was the major event that led up to World War I. He was the next in line for the Austria-Hungarian throne and they were furious when he became deceased. The tension was already present in Europe, but with the recent death of a higher up, the tension only got thicker. Serbian Government was blamed for the death and a large number of countries hoped to use the incident as leverage to end Serbian Nationalism. “…blamed the Serbian government for the attack and hoped to use the incident as justification for settling the question of Serbian nationalism…” (History.com, World War I paragraph 4). As a last resort Austria-Hungary sent an ultimatum to Serbia, but due to the unreasonable terms, they did not agree with the ultimatum. Serbia knew a war was bound to break out so they started to mobilize troops and prepare for the worst. ” The Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary then sent an ultimatum to Serbia, with such harsh terms as to make it almost impossible to accept” (History.com, World War I paragraph 6).The Treaty of Versailles put an end to World War I and made a lasting peace between countries to give them the chance to become stable once again. With all the destruction and casualties the world was left in a mess and it worsened living conditions for countries. The people who believed the Treaty of Versailles would do good was America’s president at the time, Woodrow Wilson, the Allied Nations, and France. The treaty itself would have good benefits for certain countries and the world. The signing of the treaty reinstated peace between the Allied and Central Forces and gave France the upper hand by weakening Germany’s forces and security as a way of revenge. Great Britain was also positively affected when it was given German colonies that were seized after the war. They were also given a small German Navy that helped strengthen Britain’s sea power. “According to French and British wishes, the Treaty of Versailles subjected Germany to strict punitive measures. The Treaty required the new German Government to surrender approximately 10 percent of its prewar territory in Europe and all of its overseas possessions” (Office of the Historian, The Paris Peace Conference and Treaty of Versailles paragraph 5).As many pros as there were, the signing of the Treaty of Versailles had many negative effects. The treaty was targeted at Germany and they were forced to accept harsh and unreasonable terms. The European country was forced to take the blame for all damages and casualties that took place during the war and had to pay for them. “…compensation by Germany for all damage done to the civilian population of the Allies and their property by the aggression of Germany by land, by sea and from the air…” (Encyclopædia Britannica, Treaty of Versailles paragraph 2). Germany was stripped of a portion of their colonies, weakened, and left bruised. The country knew that they would be left in a pile of debt and had negative feelings towards the rest of the world for treatment they were given once the Treaty of Versailles was signed. The treaty would later become a factor for how Hitler rose to power. He took advantage of the Germans hatred and redirected it to make him popular and have a higher political status. “The amount they determined was 132 billion gold Reichsmarks, or 32 billion U.S. dollars, on top of the initial $5 billion payment demanded by the Treaty. Germans grew to resent the harsh conditions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles” (Office of the Historian, The Paris Peace Conference and Treaty of Versailles paragraph 5). Countries would soon come to think of whether or not the Treaty of Versailles should’ve been ratified. The two sides of the issue were that Germany was angry at the other countries for how they had been treated and others were happy because peace was finally restored in the world. One article blamed only Germany for the start of the war even though the Allied and Central Forces had been at a disagreement for some time. “Germany Declares War; All Europe is in Arms” ( The Evening World Headline 1914). The war was a struggle for many and news articles were ones to show that and there was much propaganda the countries used, especially Britain. “Germany is Celebrating Fall of Liege: Slaughter Germans; 10,000 Fall Before Belgian Guns” (British WWI news headline propaganda 1914-1918). The Treaty of Versailles was hard on the Germans and others thought that peace was restored with no problems at all. “Wilson Leaves Paris; Sails Sunday: Germans Pledged to Act in Good Faith” (The Evening World Headline 1919).The Treaty of Versailles caused Germany to be infuriated due to how harshly they were treated when the Treaty of Versailles was ratified. They were forced to be disarmed, lost portions of their territory, and take the blame for starting World War One. Britain and France had gotten the most out of it more than any other country. While others got the feeling of peace in the world, Britain and France were given German colonies and the chance to weaken their enemy, which at the time for France was Germany. Consequences of the Treaty of Versailles was that Germany was humiliated. “The Treaty required the new German Government to surrender approximately 10 percent of its prewar territory in Europe and all of its overseas possessions. It placed the harbor city of Danzig (now Gdansk) and the coal-rich Saarland under the administration of the League of Nations and allowed France to exploit the economic resources of the Saarland until 1935” (Office of the Historian, The Paris Peace Conference and Treaty of Versailles paragraph 5). The terms of the treaty stated that Germany must pay for reparations, but seeing how much it was going to cost them, they realized they might not be able to pay for it.Recently there was a rally in Chicago a group of community organizers saying that the University of Chicago makes reparations for having past ties to slavery. “University of Chicago’s history goes back to the selling of 142 slaves for the equivalent of $1.2 million today” (The Chicago Crusader, Group demands reparations from University of Oklahoma paragraph 9). This is like the Treaty of Versailles due to the fact that Chicago wasn’t the only university that had past ties with slavery, there were many other schools that did as well, but they aren’t all targeted. Germany was treated like this as well. “Braxton Bragg Comer, the namesake of another campus building, owned a large plantation that used slave labor, and Morgan Hall is named for a KKK leader. In 2016, a petition called for Morgan Hall to be renamed after Harper Lee. Another former KKK leader, Bibb Graves, has a building dedicated to him at the University of Alabama, and buildings bear his name at several other universities in Alabama” (USA Today College, Beyond Yale paragraph 8). They had gotten involved with World War I and ended up having to make reparations. They were rather cruel terms seeing that they weren’t the only ones involved in World War I that killed and damaged the land. In order to have peace established in the world, Germany had to sign the treaty and that’s what they did. The University of Chicago, however, has not made any reparations and has yet to take any actions. From this we have learned that when making agreements after a war there should not be any unusually cruel terms the loser of the war must agree to, this is because it can become a base for the start of a new issue that could break out.The Treaty of Versailles was a compromise the Allied and Central Forces made to end World War I. Without the Treaty of Versailles World War One might have lasted a whole lot longer and peace may not have ever been established for the short amount of time. The fight had given many countries an advantage over Germany once they had signed the treaty. In a way, they never had a choice because if they didn’t sign it Germany would’ve been on everyone’s bad side.  The most controversial part of the Treaty of Versailles known as the “Guilt Clause” is seen to be a base for what started the breakout of World War Two and the anger of the Germans was exploited by Adolf Hitler to gain popular support. Due to the second World War, many countries have reflected off of it. The Treaty of Versailles did harm and fix many problems during the early 1900’s. We learned from our past mistakes and try not to repeat them again.

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