This important event in the field of self-driving cars had a significant influence on popular media and people’s opinions. The first TV series to portray a kind of autonomous car was “Viper”, which featured a grey armored assault vehicle, called The Defender. This occured after VaMP had made its public splash. A few new books such as “Alastair Reynolds” (Reynolds, 2000) and “Daemon” (Suarez, 2010) also featured intelligent and self-driving cars in 2000 and 2006 respectively. Moreover, a large number of surveys have been conducted by different organizations and institutions in different countries about using self-driving cars to analyze people’s opinions about them and also understand the impact of it on our driving culture.For instance, in 2016, PwC, a global provider of professional services, released the results of its latest survey on the future of automotive technology. Asking 1,584 people aged 16 and older in the U.S., they found that people’s acceptance of the new technology depended more on their attitudes toward technology than their age and that people wanted practical technology as opposed to shiny doodads. The result of a survey indicated that “66 percent of respondents said they think autonomous cars are probably smarter than the average human driver” (Hall-Geisler, 2016). It seems Americans are coming around to the idea of autonomous cars, ride hailing and car sharing.In another survey from Germany, in 2016, showed that men are more interested in using self-driving cars in comparison to women (Hohenberger, Spörrle and Welpe, 2016). It shows that automakers will have to focus on women if they hope to make driverless cars mainstream. In this survey, blind-spot detection was by far the most popular new technology, with 42% citing it as the most appealing feature of semi-autonomous cars, followed by emergency braking to prevent crashes, favored by 30%.In addition, In 2015 a questionnaire survey by Delft University of Technology explored the opinion of 5,000 people from 109 countries on automated driving. Results showed that respondents, on average, found manual driving the most enjoyable mode of driving. 22% of the respondents did not want to spend any money for a fully automated driving system. Respondents were found to be most concerned about software hacking/misuse, and were also concerned about legal issues and safety. Finally, respondents from more developed countries (in terms of lower accident statistics, higher education, and higher income) were less comfortable with their vehicle transmitting data (Kyriakidis, Happee and de Winter, 2014). All of these results illustrate that self-driving cars, as an modern application of AI, definitely have been modifying our driving car culture and societal perspective of people toward cars and AI.Could introduce our ultimate question here before ending9. Conclusion9.1 The Evolution of the ThemesHumans have long been fascinated by AI. In the earliest works of literature, gods build and animated entities like Talos, against whom only the mightiest human heroes of legend stood any chance. Over time, our cultural notion of creation shifted away from the divine, and towards the mortal. The Rabbi’s golem, though physically created by man, was animated through a divine, or at least spiritual, process. A century later, Paracelsus seemed overwhelmed by the idea that, in being able to both create and instill intelligence in a being, he has become like god: capable of creating life. Human fascination with AI changed from a completely fantastical interest, to something more humanly attainable and for that reason scarier, with the application of science.The themes identified in the introduction, and revisited throughout this work serve as a framework for understanding this evolution of perception. In the story of Talos, the first theme of Us versus Them is introduced. The fact that gods were required to both build, and animate Talos focuses attention on idea that human beings are unique, unlike anything else in the world. Further, as such special beings with such special properties, the only possible explanation for our creation must be divine. This is the early stage of Us versus Them.The Frankenstein Effect is evident in the story of the golem of Prague, where the three stages of the effect are easily delineated. The story contains pure intentions, accidental conflict, and destruction of the creation. The Frankenstein Effect is seen here in its early stage: less focus is on the methods used to create the AI, and more focus is placed on the narrative elements. However the core of the effect, the idea that good intentions can lead to bad outcomes is clearly evident.The application of science to narratives about AI lead to Shelley’s Frankenstein. Though not the first instance a creation going bad – the Rabbi’s golem also had to be destroyed – it clearly capitalized on this idea. Frankenstein focused people’s attention on the scientific aspect of the work, and was highly suggestive of the immense arrogance that anyone trying to create life must possess: our third theme of human Hubris. In this way, Frankenstein served, and continues to serve as a warning on the dangers of unregulated, wanton pursuit of scientific advancement. By the time it was published, the human notion of creation had matured to not only Paracelsus’ glee, but to a level where the potential dangers were being explored, representative of a growing belief that through the application of science, humans beings could achieve anything they set their minds to. This same concept of hubris was echoed in R.U.R. which, though unlike Frankenstein in that it was couched in the political climate that gave rise to communist governments, suggests a similar level of mature thought on the nature of creation.Advancing further into the 20th century, the three themes continued to act directly on both academic and public perception of AI. Turing’s Computing Machinery and Intelligence is representative of the recasting of the first theme of Us versus Them in the light of machines being the ultimate human competitor. In a paper which intellectualizes the idea that maybe humans and machines aren’t as different as we’ve thought in the past, Turing sets up, or at least supports, the proceeding 50 years of human vs. machine competition.Six years later, the Hubris of scientists interested in AI culminated in the Dartmouth conference, and the formalization of the term Artificial Intelligence. The participants were wildly excited and enthusiastic about the potential benefits of AI research. Thankfully, the resultant correction in the scientific community was not nearly as physically violent as the ‘correction’ of Victor was in Frankenstein.