Using is amongst the complex phenomena that undermine

Using of illegal substances has been a major
problem for countries in recent years. It is amongst the complex
phenomena that undermine the functioning of human society (Sarrami, Ghorbami
and Taghavi, 2013). Substance abuse leads to
many problems and adverse outcomes. The consequences are effect by not only the
individual but also their relative family and society. It has a series of cognitive, behavioral, and
psychological symptoms. Additionally,
substance abuse is thought to be a social pathology that endangers both
individual and social health and leads to
an ethical decline (Heydarabadi et
al., 2013). Peer pressure, education and
employment stresses, and curiosity appear to be the most common causes of drug
abuse amongst the general population (Twombly and Holtz, 2008).

            The consumption of these drugs affects not only
individual users but also their families,
friends, co-workers, and communities. Drugs abusers may 
increase crime, violence and other social problems (Isa and El-Sabbagah,
2014). Drug abuse cause reductions in
lifespan and lead to increases in aggressive sexual behavior, unwanted
pregnancy, suicide, crime, accidents, and psychological disorders (Nasirian,
Ziaaddini and Amiri, 2009).

There has been a sudden increase in
the prevalence of  drug abuse in recent years. Despite
drug abuse is strictly forbidden in Islam, and due to the socially stigmatizing
nature of addictive behavior, individuals involved usually conceal it, in spite
of religious criticism and disapproval by the individual’s culture. Students
who abuse drugs often experience a deterioration in academic performance, as
well as a decline in concentration, motivation, and achievement. They may also
experience a breakdown in their relationships and communications (Al-Musa and
Al-Montashri, 2016).

Health
authorities throughout the world aims to focus and optimize the quality of
prescribing those drugs that have high risk in abusing (Neyaz et al., 2011). Although, diagnostic
criteria for substance abuse and dependence were developed largely from
research and clinical experience with adults, abused drugs fall into
categories: depressants (e.g. opiates;  Morphine, codeine ,heroin,
barbiturates), stimulants (e.g. amphetamines,
branded under the name of Captagon,  cocaine,
crack) and hallucinogens (e.g. marijuana,
ecstasy) (Baldisseri, 2007).

Examination
of the role social and educational factor in predictor of drug abuse among
students and illustrates these same factors to determining the main cause to
misuse and abuse of the drugs. Education
is important core that help Teenagers and small adults in their development,
and helps them assess and counter such risks and pressures. The education
sector therefore has a main responsibility to qualify them from abuse substance (Toch
and Rothman, 2008). Which is
fundamental stage to learn students about the risks of the development of side
effect, social and personal problem related to health with substance use
disorder (Toch and Rothman, 2008).

Research
has also proven on the relation between school performance of negative
education and drug abuse, shown an association between the risk of drug use and
school leaving, poor school performance, school drop-out and exclusion from
school (Toch
and Rothman, 2008).

Previous study shows a strong association with
school exclusion; of those who used drugs in the last 12 months, 36% were
excluded from school, compared with 8% who have not faced exclusion (Bancroft et al., 2004).The negative impact of less education sector
efforts to ensure quality education is accessible by all to meet the 2030 World
Plan for Sustainable Development (Toch
and Rothman, 2008).

Drug use
by adolescents is regarded to be the result of societal influences including
those from peer group and the media who promote smoking, drinking of alcoholic
beverages and illicit drug use. Social influences manifest as drug use modeling
by celebrities and peer groups, direct invitation by friends and persuasive advertising.
Different aspects of the social environment play a role in influencing the
health and well-being of individuals. These include socio-economic status,
social relationships and public policy. To underscore their importance in
determining health outcomes at the individual level (Galea and Vlahov, 2002).

Non-medical
use of prescription stimulants is increasing among college students and young
adults in the US as reported by college-based studies and national surveillance
figures. The Monitoring Future Study reported that college students account for
5.7% as opposed to 2.5% of their non-college attending age peers who were
involved in non-medical use of methylphenidate (Ritalin) in the preceding year
(McCabe et al., 2005).

The most common age range of drug abusers in the world is 18
to 25 years . Drug abuse is
seen in Saudi Arabia despite this fact
that law and religion prohibit it and it is not acceptable culturally among
saudies families.  According to
National Committee for narcotic control in Saudi Arabia( NCNC), In
2015-2016,there were 3,695 critical cases of drug abuse addicts who were
referred for treatment in government hospitals, 3870 cases were treated
forcibly, 16629 cases were directed in the early stages of addiction and were
given the necessary care for them, 468 cases were referred to private clinics.

More
than 66,000,000 tablets of amphetamine) Captagon(
have been recorded, 32 tons of Cannabis (hashish) and 42 kg of heroin. Now, experts believe that epidemiological
investigations should be the first step in designing preventive programs.
Several studies have been carried out in Saudi Arabia with the purpose of identifying types of substances
used and the problems associated with them, estimating age of initiation,
providing statistical indicators and norms for policy making and investigating
the influence of peer groups and other influential groups. There is also
evidence, though scanty, that drug abuse is more common in the Saudi community
than was previously thought. Several
studies have been carried out in Saudi Arabia with the purpose of identifying types of
substances used and the problems associated with them (Al-haqwi, 2010).

Differences
in prevalence rates across the previous studies may be the result of
differences in the age range studied, cohort differences in substance
availability and popularity. However, these studies consistently show that
while the prevalence of abuse drugs is higher in men than in women, gender
differences are negligible in terms of the prevalence of illicit drug
dependence Rather, they are rooted in the
opportunity stage, which is the first stage of involvement in drugs. Presented
with the opportunity, males are as likely as females to use drugs (Schulden,
Thomas and Compton, 2009).

Although clear
evidence about level of education are effective in substance abuse and its
health and social consequences, little is known about the
relationship between individual level
of educational and Willingness to Use Illegal Drugs. There is little information
about drug abuse among Saudis student and its
complications such as dependency, drug tolerance,
and drug side effects. The recommended importance of developing
services to target population at risk of developing psychotic symptoms (Alibrahim et
al., 2012).

Knowledge of the predictors of substance abuse and dependence
has grown exponentially, as have the number and variety of preventive
interventions tested and shown to be effective in reducing risk and use of
substances (Schulden, Thomas and Compton, 2009).. However, research is limited regarding the
relationship between initiation of prescription stimulants among specific age groups
and abuse of other drugs (Neyaz et al.,
2011; Al-haqwi, 2010; Ahmadi and Hasani, 2003). With
transition in demographic population and expanding in
economic, Saudi students are highly attributable to most major causes and
prevalence of drug abuse (Alibrahim et al., 2012).

However,
we could not find studies that have examined the prevalence and correlates of
non-medical use of prescription stimulants and related with level of education
among a Saudi students. In spite of this, only a few studies have been carried
out in the Saudi Kingdom on substance abuse; none were in the studying
association between drug abuse and level of education and it is hoped that the
present study might be such a contribution.

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